An evaluation of the ethical issues in animal cloning

Potential genetic impact of artificial insemination, sex selection, embryo transfer, cloning and selfing in dairy cattle.

At the other end of spectrum are some experts who are of the opinion that the embryo does not require any particular moral consideration. Legal Questions Legally, funding has always been a concern for cloning research.

Until the benefits are discussed by society to outweigh the harm, it would be inappropriate to participate in cloning of humans. Based on this review and discussion, the panel determined that although there is a clear therapeutic potential for techniques in which stem cells are produced through nuclear transplantation as in Figure 2this potential is nascent and needs considerable research.

Such research could then be subject to external technical and ethical review by review boards to ensure that the proposed experiments are both technically and ethically sound and that the rights and welfare of all research participants are protected.

The embryonic cells at that stage cannot be considered equivalent to a human being because it does not have thoughts, self-awareness, memory, awareness of its environment, sensory organs, internal organs, legs, arms, and so on.

The ban should be reconsidered only if at least two conditions are met: This desire has manifested itself in various art and entertainment depicting cloned humans.

These medical and scientific findings lead us to conclude that the procedures are now unsafe for humans. The committee that produced the report from the National Academies entitled Stem Cells and the Future of Regenerative Medicine considered a wide range of views on the ethical and societal issues involved in the production of human embryonic stem cells—including nuclear transplantation technology [ 2 ].

Prepared by Opinion Research Corporation. Combining clonal response and genetic response in dairy cattle improvement. That would best be done by first establishing the normal state of reprogramming and imprinting in nonhuman primates and then documenting that the processes in preimplantation human embryos are substantially similar.

As described in Chapter 2the potential of this research also includes developing a broader understanding of how human tissue cells develop normally, and how human diseases that have a genetic component are caused at a cellular level.

Its significance for the ethical discussion on biotechnology and animals. Based on the current scientific and medical evidence, should there Page 93 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Het maakbare dier, ethiek en transgene dieren.

This will definitely create legal issues not to mention violation of medical as well as moral ethics. Read on if you're taking the higher paper. Journal of Dairy Science None of the findings summarized in the preceding section that sup- Page 97 Share Cite Suggested Citation: The limited regulation and monitoring of experimental ART procedures in the United States means that important data needed for assessing novel ART procedures are in some cases lacking, in other cases incomplete and hard to find.

Here is a discussion about the ethical issues that have arisen concerned with cloning humans.

The Ethical, Social & Legal Issues of Cloning Animals & Humans

Having such information is likely to be beneficial to any process of evaluating future scientific and medical evidence regarding both reproductive cloning and new ART procedures. Cloning plants is easier than cloning animals.

For this purpose, we define human reproductive cloning as the placement in a uterus of a human blastocyst derived by the technique that we call nuclear transplantation.

What scientific and medical criteria should be used to evaluate the safety of cloning a person? The panel is in agreement with the recent report from the National Academies entitled Stem Cells and the Future of Regenerative Medicine [ 2 ] in affirming the potential for studies on stem cells isolated through nuclear transplantation.

Nuclear transfer Nuclear transfer involves placing the nucleus of a body cell into an egg cell. This nucleus contains unique genes of the donor.

Cloning animals

Mass producing animals with desirable characteristics, such as cows that produce a lot of milk Producing animals that have been genetically engineered to provide human products, such as insulin or organs for transplant Producing human embryos to supply stem cells for therapy However, there are ethical dilemmas concerning human cloning.

In New technologies in animal breeding ed. A public debate could be facilitated by a committee that issues regular updates on the state of the science surrounding animal cloning and reaches out to involved constituencies in a systematic manner.

Although such attempts would most likely fail, there is a high probability they would be associated with serious risks to any possible fetus or newly born child and may harm the woman carrying the developing fetus.

Oxford University Press, New York.One result was that the National Bioethics Advisory Commission was asked by the president of the United States to report on the ethical and legal issues arising from the possibility that the cloning of humans could become a reality.

Experience with animal cloning provides clear evidence to justify concerns about bodily harm to any child resulting from cloning seen as a biological experiment.

But imaginig and reflecting on the prospect of being a cloned child leads to concerns about additional harms or injuries to the child related to the other ways in which cloning is an. The Legal and Ethical Issues of Cloning That Make it Controversial Ever since the advent of cloning, there have been arguments for and against this process.

A fundamental argument is that cloning is ethically wrong and various religious groups have rejected it saying that cloning is equivalent to 'playing God'. This paper presents an approach for ethical evaluation of biotechnology, which is illustrated by cloning in dairy cattle breeding.

The approach for ethical decision-making that was followed, the so-called network model, started with determining fundamental moral principles that together constitute a framework for the detection of ethical issues.

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An evaluation of the ethical issues in animal cloning
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